The Seven-Day Week
The Babylonians marked time with lunar months.
They proscribed some activities during several days of the month, particularly the;
first – the first visible crecent,
seventh – the waxing half moon,
fourteenth – the full moon,
nineteenth – dedicated to an offended goddess,
twenty-first – the waning half moon,
twenty-eigth – the last visible crecent,
twenty-nineth – the invisible moon, and
thirtieth (possibly) – the invisible moon.
The major periods are seven days, 1/4 month, long. This seven-day period was later regularized and disassociated from the lunar month to become our seven-day week.
The Naming of the Days
The Greeks named the days week after the sun, the moon and the five known planets, which were in turn named after the gods Ares, Hermes, Zeus, Aphrodite, and Cronus. The Greeks called the days of the week the Theon hemerai “days of the Gods”. The Romans substituted their equivalent gods for the Greek gods, Mars, Mercury, Jove (Jupiter), Venus, and Saturn. (The two pantheons are very similar.) The Germanic peoples generally substituted roughly similar gods for the Roman gods, Tiu (Twia), Woden, Thor, Freya (Fria), but did not substitute Saturn.
Tuesday – Tyr’s Day
Middle English tiwesday or tewesday Old English tiwesdæg "Tiw's (Tiu's) day" Latin dies Martis "day of Mars" Ancient Greek hemera Areos "day of Ares"
Tuesday is the weekday between Monday and Wednesday.
In much of North and South America, where most countries (including the U.S. and Canada) consider the calendar week to begin on Sunday, Tuesday is the third day of the week. (In other places, where the week is considered to begin on Saturday or Monday, Tuesday is the fourth or second day of the week.)
Regardless of when the week officially begins, in many places Tuesday is considered the second day of the workweek, the five-day span from Monday to Friday during which many people work (with Saturday and Sunday considered the weekend).
Tuesday comes from the Old English Tiwesdæg, meaning “Tyr’s day.” Tyr was the Norse god of combat. In countries that didn’t have a norse influence it is the “Day of Mars” (the Roman war god); In French this translates as mardi and in Spanish martes. Tiu (Twia) is the English/Germanic god of war and the sky. He is identified with the Norse god Tyr. Mars is the Roman god of war. Ares is the Greek god of war.
Tuesday is named after the Norse god Tyr. He is also known as Tiv and Tiwaz as a Germanic combat god. In Norse mythology Tyr was the only god brave enough to put a leash on the gruesome Fenrir wolf. It is easy to recognize Tyr. He is the god with only one hand.
In the process of putting the leash on the wolf he got his right hand bitten off. The Fenrir wolf stays tied up until Ragnarok, the end of the world. At Ragnarok the wolf brakes free and kills Odin (Wednesday is named after Odin), the chief god. Fortunately a new world emerges. The Fenrir wolf was a child of the deceitful god Loki and lived in Asgard, the home of the gods.
In Spanish speaking countries Tuesday is called “Martes” and is named after the planet Mars. In Ancient Rome Mars was the god of war. His equivalent in Ancient Greek is Ares. In French Tuesday is “Mardi” and is also named after Mars. The Japanese have also named this weekday honoring Mars. They call this day “Fire Day” and the planet Mars “Fire Star”. In Thailand this weekday is also associated with Mars.
Tuesday is the Day of Mars. Symbolic words for Mars include Action, Adventures, Anger, Beginnings, Boldness, Commotion, Competition, Endeavors, Forcefulness, Immediacy, Initiative, Pursuit, Rashness, Sexuality, Strength and Virility.
Tuesday is the Day of Activity and Physicality, Passion and Desire. Today I put forth effort toward my stated intention. I test my strength, skill and fortitude. I act out what I want to become. I pay attention to my physical body.