The Seven-Day Week
The Babylonians marked time with lunar months.
They proscribed some activities during several days of the month, particularly the;
first – the first visible crecent,
seventh – the waxing half moon,
fourteenth – the full moon,
nineteenth – dedicated to an offended goddess,
twenty-first – the waning half moon,
twenty-eigth – the last visible crecent,
twenty-nineth – the invisible moon, and
thirtieth (possibly) – the invisible moon.
The major periods are seven days, 1/4 month, long. This seven-day period was later regularized and disassociated from the lunar month to become our seven-day week.
The Naming of the Days
The Greeks named the days week after the sun, the moon and the five known planets, which were in turn named after the gods Ares, Hermes, Zeus, Aphrodite, and Cronus. The Greeks called the days of the week the Theon hemerai “days of the Gods”. The Romans substituted their equivalent gods for the Greek gods, Mars, Mercury, Jove (Jupiter), Venus, and Saturn. (The two pantheons are very similar.) The Germanic peoples generally substituted roughly similar gods for the Roman gods, Tiu (Twia), Woden, Thor, Freya (Fria), but did not substitute Saturn.
Monday – Moon’s Day
Middle English monday or mone(n)day
Old English mon(an)dæg "day of the moon"
Latin dies lunae "day of the moon"
Ancient Greek hemera selenes "day of the moon"
Historically, the Greco-Roman week began with Sunday (dies solis), and Monday (dies lunae) was the second day of the week. It is still the custom to refer to Monday as feria secunda in the liturgical calendar of the Catholic Church. The names of the day of the week were coined in the Roman era, in Greek and Latin, in the case of Monday as ἡμέρᾱ Σελήνης, diēs Lūnae “day of the Moon”.
The etymology of the names of the days of the weeks gives us insights into the political and social history of our nations. The southern europeans and northern europeans have different conventions for naming the days of the week due to the differing influences of the Romans, Saxon and Norsemen and later the Catholic and Protestant churches.
Germanic and Nordic-speaking people took after the Romans when it came to days of the week, but they changed the names to match their own planetary gods. In Norse mythology, the moon was guided by the god Mani, who pulled the moon across the sky via chariot after his sister, the goddess Sol, pulled the sun across the sky. It being the moon’s day meant it was also Mani’s day. Remember Mani on his chariot dragging the moon the next time you feel like you need to be dragged to work to start the week.
Monday is the Moon’s Day. The Moon symbolizes Attitudes, Behavior, Caring, Domesticity, Emotions, Harmony, Home, Instinct, Intuition, Receptivity, Responses, Rhythm and Sympathy.
Monday is the Day of Remembering and Feeling. On this day I remember and recollect the past and where I have been, where I come from, my heritage, the experiences that have helped shape my life and the person I have become. I feel rather than think today, letting my moods into my awareness. Monday is a good day for housework, intimate gatherings of family and close friends, romance and daydreaming.